Sammy Lee, the double Olympic gold medal winning diver, has died aged 96 ©Getty Images

Sammy Lee, the first Asian-American man to win an Olympic gold medal, has died aged 96 in Newport Beach in Southern California after battling pneumonia.

His death was confirmed by Sammy Lee II, Lee's son, on December 2.

Lee was born in the United States to immigrant parents and was forced to watch divers through an iron fence most days because many other public facilities were segregated.

However, the park declared that Wednesdays were International Days and as a result, he developed a passion for diving and was determined to practice more often than once a week.

Trained privately, Lee went on to win the national Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) springboard and platform championships in 1942 and was the national AAU platform champion in 1946.

He graduated from the University of Southern California medical school in 1947.

Tipped to make the 1940 and 1944 Olympics, he missed out on competing following their cancellation because of World War II, but he finally got his chance at London 1948.

Sammy Lee won the gold medal in the 10m platform final at London 1948 ©Getty Images
Sammy Lee won the gold medal in the 10m platform final at London 1948 ©Getty Images

Lee went on to claim back-to-back 10 metre platform golds in London and at Helsinki 1952, making him the only Asian-American to win two consecutive Olympic gold medals.

Lee also won bronze in the 3m springboard competition at London 1948.

He also bagged three national diving championships as a college student in the 1940s and was named America’s outstanding amateur athlete of 1953 by the Amateur Athletic Union.

Lee became an ambassador to the Olympics for Presidents Dwight Eisenhower, Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan and coached Greg Louganis, Bob Webster and other US diving champions.

His coaching also extended to the entire US diving team at the 1960 Olympics in Rome before he was elected to the International Swimming Hall of Fame in 1968 and the American Olympic Hall of Fame in 1990.

Following his retirement form sport, Lee practiced as an ear, nose and throat doctor for 35 years before retiring completely in 1990.